Before sculpting the head, understanding the proportion, position and plane of the head is an important prerequisite for becoming a sculptor. The plane and surface of the body can help us determine the key position of the face and indicate the method and position of the sculpture. The proportion and shape of the head and five senses determine the appearance and shape of the head. Mastering the basic plane structure will lay a solid foundation. This is the basis for accurate and convincing head sculpture.
In the process of sculpture, it is important to remember several important proportional relationships. The height from chin to forehead is equal to the distance from forehead to posterior cranium. In addition, the width of the face, the distance between the cheekbones, is much shorter than the height or thickness of the face. Note that the average adult's head is close to 19cm in height, 19cm in thickness and 11.4cm in width. When sculpting the head block, keep these three-dimensional scale relationships in mind.
The plane has the function of body marking, which helps to determine the key parts with coordinate function, such as zygoma, jaw, forehead, nose, chin and eye socket. Once the basic plane is mastered, it is possible to establish those planes with less clear boundaries. In general, the human head is a well-defined and well-organized block. The eyes, nose, mouth and chin are located in the front of the head and form the face plane. The ears and jaws lie on the two sides of the head, and the hair covers the top, rear and lateral posterior parts of the head.
Understanding the plane structure of the head is the first step to create a true and reliable sculpture form. Sculpture is full of volume. It is a simple way to understand the volume of sculpture from the perspective of geometric blocks. That's why we first used a cylindrical neck to shape the neck, a rectangle to sculpt the head, especially the face, which embodies a certain rhythm - from high to bottom, from top to bottom, from front to back, from one side to the other. One way for sculptors to capture these forms is to use plane and geometric blocks to transform complex human anatomy into simple sculpture language. The plane defines the scope and surface of the form for us, while the geometric blocks help us to see the rhythm and pattern in it.
When you observe our sculpture making, you will notice some small planes (such as the tip of the nose). With some practical experience in head sculpture, you will know how to simplify or modify the plane structure shown here. We hope that you will have new discoveries about this, and when making geometric blocks of the head of the characters, you can easily integrate these new discoveries into your works. At the same time, in the process of sculpture, to maintain the uniformity of the body, each piece of progress should be consistent, not in different order. When adding or subtracting clay, hands and tools should be used at the same time, which is the basic operation mode of sculpture production.